Always be professional and courteous when sending out query letters to agents. This will be your first introduction to the agent and you want to make a good impression. Below are tips to guide the newbie and refresh the seasoned writers.
1. Address the agent formally by their last name: Mr. or Ms. Smith followed by a colon. You may address them by their first name if you have a relationship with that agent or the agent addresses you by your first name.
2. Remember your query letter
is a business letter. Use spell checker, be concise, don’t ramble on about your
story or yourself, don’t put yourself in a negative light (listing how many
times you’ve been rejected), don’t use flowery fonts, do be respectful.
3. Follow the agent’s
guidelines. If they want the query and X number of pages pasted in the email,
don’t send attachments and vice versa.
4. Read their profiles to see
what they represent. Don’t send genres they’re not interested in. You
are wasting your time and theirs.
5. Don’t get cute or clever
with the query letter. One writer turned the query letter into a question
and answer format about the writer. The end result was the query letter was all
about the writer and very little about the writing project.
6. Do try and highlight your
writing voice in your query letter. This can be accomplished by taking text
from the manuscript and using it in the letter. Text that is funny, witty or a
clever turn of phrase gives the agent a taste of your writing style and hints
about the story.
7. After you make your
submission, do not call or email the agent pestering them if they received it,
did they read it or when will they read it. Believe it or not, reading their
slush pile is not their primary job.
8. Be respectful of their time.
Their primary job is taking care of their current clients including tracking
down royalty payments, getting submission packages ready for editors they want
to query, reading manuscripts and making revision notes for current clients,
negotiating deals with editors over current submissions and negotiating
contracts once an offer had been accepted to name a few of their jobs.
9. When you receive a rejection
letter, do not contact the agent complaining that they didn’t tell you why the
manuscript was rejected it or how to make it better.
10. If you receive a detailed
revision request from an agent (multiple pages with thoughts, comments or
suggestions on how to make the manuscript stronger/more marketable), you owe
that agent the first look.
11. Know the acceptable word
counts for your story. Don’t send a 2000-word picture book or an 80,000-word
chapter book or middle grade. This is an instant rejection. You can find word
12. Pick a lane. Don’t write your story, intentionally or unintentionally, so it straddles the line between a middle grade and a young adult novel. There are important distinctions between MG and YA novels.
13. Always be courteous and
considerate of the agent’s time. Never insult, threaten, berate or belittle the
agent. Being rude never works in your favor and agents do talk to each other.